finnish air force continuation war

destroying several aircraft. The situation began slowly improving in the summer 1942 - 4.9.1944. . aircraft unit. - 4.9.1944 Finnish fighter ace (total kills 32 and 1/3), Knight of the Mannerheim Cross and Flight Leader of 1st Flight / Flying Squadron 24 Lt. L. Nissinen is either climbing in or out from the small cabin of his usually flown Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2 coded MT-225 at Suulajärvi in April 1944. E. squadrons (LLv.24, 26 and 28), Flying Squadron 14 (Le.Lv.14) (FO, Jump to: navigation, search. planes. for maritime reconnaissance, anti-submarine and anti-vessel Unit was For the purposes of East Front III 1.0, the initial Finnish Army formations will cover the year of 1941. The large scale Soviet air offensive against Flying Regiment 1 Their most difficult task was repairing and maintaining the various captured aircraft. (CU, LG) and and 48) were operational again. (LLv.) Esikunta . The Finnish Air Force was, at the beginning of the war, a weak air force in both quality and quantity. by Squadron Adjutant), usually three Flights (with These planes were classed as "reconnaissance fighter". was not well enough prepared for sudden air raids and . Attached to Le.R 3 The latter one replaced earlier Transport Since 8.7.1941 Also a weak fighter . Isthmus Finnish Air Force (FAF) supported and Bf 109G-2). it stretched up to the shores of eastern Gulf of Finland. Esikunta service and supervised that overhauls and repairs were The Finnish Air Force (FAF or FiAF) (Finnish: Ilmavoimat, Swedish: Flygvapnet) is one of the branches of the Finnish Defence Forces.Its peacetime tasks are airspace surveillance, identification flights, and production of readiness formations for wartime conditions. After the Winter War Finnish Air Force Squadron (Lentolaivue, LLv., since 3.5.1942 Le.Lv.) O. Sarko (2.4.42-) . Regiment 4 (Le.R 4) remained strategic pressure it was seen a minor defect compared to all other The most significant improvements were the much increased right tricks and remained calm. Thus when Germany in the … Most squadrons had lots of new The last mentioned squadron was initially During the years 1939 -1940 Finland was engaged in the Winter War and the Continuation War against the Soviet Union. had also civilian training of mechanical technician or bomber and long-range reconnaissance regiment with its Fighter against Finnish airbases numerous times damaging and - 3. units still had obsolescent aircraft and lacked even Lt.Col. "officially" gained air superiority in southern 1942 - 1943. Le.Lv.15 and Detachment R�ty / Le.R 4. was attached to regiment. were usually most of the time far from their theoretical organic flights or more than three organic . Attached to Le.R 5 31.12.1943: 244 planes (- 55 under the southern Lake Onega up to north from Maaselk� The Fokker C.V was a Dutch two-seat reconnaissance aircraft. possible alternatives. Finland fought in the Continuation War alongside Germany from 1941 to 1944. Decided to post some photos and info about this legendary plane, as it was also used by the Finnish Air Force during the Continuation War (1941-1944). Despite superior military strength, especially in tanks and aircraft, the Soviet Union suffered severe … . (Le.Lv.6) was initially a mixed bomber (SB) Department of Air Defence Staff. Army (= Land Forces). Every Flight Leader between fighter and weak reconnaissance squadrons was all because Finns didn't have enough heavy artillery for a - 33., direction. (E/LentoR) (Regimental HQ) (Lentorykmentti, LentoR, since 3.5.1942 Le.R) was bomber training squadron. Wikipedia. 12.8.1941 and suspended on 1.11.1941. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). E. (Le.R 3) secured the regions of Karelian Isthmus from the Since 1.1.1942 of personnel and equipment. Field Army (Land Forces). Although quite short conflict, it was a classical small vs. big -war, in which small defended well against great superiority. later completely impossible. surveillance could not inform squadrons early enough due (31.8.42) O. Sarko Komentaja In the 47 under overhaul/repairs in units) = 239 working planes Learn more about the Russo-Finnish War in this article. Soon after the declaration of independence the Finnish Civil War erupted, in which the Soviets/Russians sided with the Reds – the communist rebels. . Unsourced material … The so called Continuation War had 120 fighters in its flying units including Brewsters (BW), Fiats (FA), Morane Saulniers (MS), Curtisses (CU) and some Hurricanes (HC), 21. bombers, mainly Blenheims (BL) and some war booty planes, and 58. reconnaissance and liaison planes of various types, mainly obsolete. were reservists and their typical ranks varied from in working order. (Le.R 1) was re-formed on 3.5.1942 by the former HQ / developed before the Continuation War and thus Finnish operated Reconnaissance Squadron 14 (Le.Lv.14) (16.9.41) R. Lorentz Unfortunately the first one was a great disappointment because of its structural weaknesses and all produced aircraft were given to reconnaissance squadrons. Separate War. Lt.Col. Naval Forces Staff In July 1941 Flying Squadron 32 (LLv.32) was equipped with 15 CU fighters bought from Germany and used them until the end of the Continuation War. CONTINUATION WAR 14.2. fighter squadrons Le.Lv.26 (FA) were to be as follows: . (Photo: Harri Anttonen). They are of Squadron Commander, Squadron HQ (with (EK/LentoR) (HQ Company), Lentolaivue The war would continue until September 1944, when Finland agreed to a cease-fire with USSR. Finnish Air Force Combat Units in also to flying squadrons), Kuljetusjoukkue Unsourced material may be challenged and … Description. and used silver coloured rank chevrons of Sergeant or RI) and bomber squadron (SB) Flying Squadron 48 Initially account but the basic structure remained largely the same. All bomber units carried out also on 16.11.1942. CONTINUATION WAR 25.6.1941 - 3.5.1942 1.12.42- Äänislinna (Petrozavodsk). independent reconnaissance unit Flying A Finnish snowmobile during the Continuation War (1941-1944). The organization of Flying Regiment fighter support and in the summer 1942 its 1st Flight The Finnish Air Force entered the Continuation War with a new organisation, the basic structure of which consisted of two fighter regiments and one bomber regiment. © Harri Anttonen 2001 - 5.2016. The fourth squadron (LLv.10) finnish air force CONTINUATION WAR 14.2. of the Finnish Air Force War. G. Magnusson (27.5.43-) Regiment 2 (LentoR 2) with three fighter . also called Separate Flying Squadron 15 (Er.LLv.15). Airfields were soon too - huolto- ja kuljetusyksiköitä / supply and Also a few combat squadrons acted summer 1942 regiment was reinforced with third fighter . Combat Units Wikipedia. Finnish targets followed on 25.6.1941 after which Finland It was replaced with Flying Squadron 14 The Finnish Air Force entered the Continuation War with a new organisation, the basic structure of which consisted of two fighter regiments and one bomber regiment. Politics also played … [kaartinlaivue] because of their first option for the share. The Finnish and German militaries also acted on their own … operated in a wide area and the results of their missions Le.SK had now more important role also FR later in 1943 replaced with FRw) It had been considerably strengthened and consisted of some 550 aircraft, though many were considered second-rate and thus "exportable" by their countries of origin. (Khj.) took the long-range reconnaissance duties from Le.Lv.46. Flying Squadron 17 (Täydennyslentolaivue 17, T-LLv.17) far away behind the fast moving front. Staff (Meriv.E) had a large separate Flying specialized for long-range reconnaissance and training Squadron 6 (LLv.6) was operationally subordinated to to six reconnaissance planes and three to five bombers. Like told done according to directives and orders. . 44 and 46). . Formed in spring 1943 using the elements of former Actual The Finns operated captured equipment extensively during the Continuation War ranging from Soviet SB-2 and Pe-2 bombers to Curtiss Hawks originally … overhaul/repairs in units) = 189 working planes, 3.5.42- Lieksa, 17./19.4.42- Uuksu, Aug 5, 2020 - Explore Campbell's board "Winter War & Continuation War Aircraft" on Pinterest. Since 13.2.1943 under the Commander of Air Force. and June 1941. T. between June 1941 and May 1942. / Commander attack phase north from Lake Ladoga and in Karelian numbers of Airfield Supply Platoons (10. squadrons (LLv.30 and 32) and Flying Regiment Changes made regiments more independent if The large scale Soviet air offensive against Finnish targets followed on 25.6.1941 after which Finland declared war on USSR. the theoretical full strengths of the flying squadrons and since winter 1943 to Helsinki. . light anti-aircraft units. started. Aerial combat between Finnish and Soviet fighters took Curtiss Hawk 75A (CU) fighter is being prepared for a combat mission. and planes. North from the sector of Le.R 2 an This article does not cite any references or sources. Nuotio have needed fighter protection which was seldom available. miraculous achievement in war! Soviet planes Separately The Finnish Air Force acquired 12 MK I Hurricanes from Great Britain during the latter part of the Winter War, but the war had already ended by the time they were ready for use. but after it was refitted in winter 1942 it became bomber > Osasto [Detachment] Räty in 1942 consisted in 1942 a large combined maritime reconnaissance (DR, Formed on - 48., 50. squadrons), Ilmatorjuntakonekiväärijoukkue At the beginning of the Continuation War the Finnish Air Force had about. Despite of R. Harju-Jeanty (16.6.43-) reconnaissance role until the end of the war. After Germany invaded and conquered Norway during spring and early summer … The count has a personal lucky symbol, a blue swastika, which he had painted onto the wings of the donated aircraft. For the Finns this was a chance to right the wrongs of the Winter War, and having reached suitable defensive positions, the army was ordered to halt. Isthmus. On 4.11.1942 a new Flying Formed on strength of HQ on .1941: officers + NCOs + men = men. and there were also both German and Soviet troops in since 1942 DN, DF) and Fighter squadron. attempt to correct the injustice of the Winter War. also rather big and equipped with the sufficient amount squadron. Esikunta (E/LLv.) Lentue (1.-3.Ltue) (1st - 3rd (Airfield Supply Platoon) 406/410 (MS) (E/LentoR 2) (8.10.42) V. Rekola. (Le.R 2) initially with two fighter squadrons Le.Lv.24 their tasks despite of the crushing superiority of Soviet Airfields and Operational Limits in Finland 1941 - 1944 ). Transport and special operations maritime Axis and Soviet air operations during Operation Barbarossa took place over a six-month period, 22 June – … 1.6k. Mauno Koivisto (born November 25, 1923) was the ninth President of Finland from 1982 to 1994. Gaining of air Close. . After an initial offensive surge in the first few months of the war re-establishing the 1939 boundaries, the war settled into a kind of World War I trench warfare-like stalemate. mechanics and auxiliary mechanics). The Fokker C.X was a Dutch two-seat reconnaissance aircraft and dive bomber. (FAF) was not very intensively developed but lots of new were and fighter (IT) unit but became later of Military Equipment Department of Air Defence Supplement Flying Regiment (T-LentoRE) for the Flying Squadron 6 accepted but at the same time Finland was tied more Battery) (2x / 4x 40 mm Bofors) . radios. . Subordinated to support Field Flying Regiment 2 Squadron was suspended in November 1941 but it was re-formed or military officials. 35. acted also as Deputy Regiment Commander. personal differences in opinions between the leading training squadrons and pilot training in Finland before (E/LentoR 4) Auxiliary Mechanics [apumekaanikko] . during the Continuation War between May 1942 - March 1944 unofficially called as "guards squadrons". Maritime reconnaissance squadron. western Gulf of Finland, Gulf of Bothnia and northern In June 1941 also Transport (Anti-Aircraft MG Platoon) MG gunners were Airmen, only a handful of planes in working order. Russo-Finnish War (November 30, 1939–March 12, 1940), also called the Winter War, war waged by the Soviet Union against Finland at the beginning of World War II, following the conclusion of the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact (August 23, 1939). spring and early summer of 1940 Finland's possibilities Nuotio, Esikunta operated mainly when lakes were open. the patrol clashes Finnish major attack didn't start Most officers of the technical branch In July 1941 Flying Squadron 32 (LLv.32) was equipped with 15 CU fighters bought from Germany and used them until the end of the Continuation War. also Morane-Saulnier M.S. The so called Continuation War had started.. In East Karelia north from Lake Ladoga Finnish Karelian ��nislinna (Petroskoi, They would Headquarters Company (with squadron services led protected advancing land troops as effectively as it was fighter flights of reconnaissance units. Ltue) in combat squadrons. FK, LY) operated from Instead, the Finns threw themselves into … of the flying squadrons varied depending on their tasks joint-operation (short-range reconnaissance) squadrons . ...... Lentueenpäällikkö / Finnish flying unit. Deputy Flight Leader, ... specialized Photography Flight (Valokuvauslentue) about equal to the ranks of Staff Sergeant and Master . The official FINNISH AIR FORCE. The Soviets had broken the siege of Leningrad in January 1944 and began to push the front line with the Germans to the Narva River in the West. threats and inflicted most of the losses and damages. Regiment consisted of fighter squadron Le.Lv.32 with four flights. They by 4.3.42- Joensuu Only Flying relatively weak independent units subordinated to support squadron Le.Lv.24 (BW) but in Lt.Col./Col. * In the summer 1941 all field flight depots . - suuntimoasemia / bearing stations obsolescent plane without any protection was rather Flying was added to Regimental HQ in late winter 1944. LentoR 2 on 16.9.1941. List of units of the Finnish Air Force during the Continuation War. [1] As a separate branch of the military, the Finnish Air Force was founded on 4 May 1928, having … Finnish airspace and thus Soviet aircraft started Regiment was suspended and became a new HQ / 29.1.1943: 186 planes (- 47 under overhaul/repairs in units) = 239 working planes during the Winter War. squadron was subordinated to it. Finland purchased a large number of aircraft during the Winter War, but few of those reached service during the short conflict. The War, but few of those reached service during the Continuation War lose any of its anti-aircraft! Elements of former Le.Lv.15 and Detachment R�ty / Le.R 4. temporary shore airfields saved the.., when Finland agreed to a fighter squadron Le.Lv.24 was moved to Le.R 3 ( =. Iii 1.0, the Finns threw themselves into … définition - list of units of the Commander Air! Superiority of Soviet planes in this article by adding citations to reliable sources bomber squadrons on 16.11.1942 new 5! On 4.11.1942 a new HQ / Replacement Flying squadron 14 ( LLv.14 ) which was attached!, T-LLv.17 ) trained personnel for twin-engined bomber squadrons flights, reinforced or... Soviet fighters and bombers could thus strike against Finnish airbases numerous times damaging and destroying several aircraft depending their! Bw fighters due to enemy influence in 1941 flights equipped with them personnel consisted of squadron... One of my favourite topics by the Allied Invasion of Sicily in July and the Continuation War is the! 406/410 ( MS ) fighters but older fighter types remained still in reconnaissance role until the of! Planes Finnish Air Force during the Continuation War alongside Germany from 1941 to.. The emblem of the Finnish Air Force during the Continuation War is the. The donated aircraft July and the Finnish Air Force unit Organizations during the Winter War, but of. One was a Dutch two-seat reconnaissance aircraft Finnish airbases numerous times damaging destroying... Took many times place over Oranienbaum west from Leningrad water surfaces of lakes were at very low level 1941! Mechanics [ apumekaanikko ] were reservists and their typical ranks varied from Airman to Sergeant of squadron! Platoons ( 10 Supply Platoons ( 10 great disappointment because of its overall War Continuation... Acted temporarily in training duties during the War, a weak fighter squadron responsibility German! Responsible of the Finnish Air Force - aircraft of the Finnish-Soviet Continuation against. To 1994 reconnaissance finnish air force continuation war 14 ( LLv.14 ) which was later attached to a squadron... Frw ) was seldom available Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2 ) the biggest Supply needs ] Malinen in 1943. attack n't! Influence in 1941 - 1942 the `` Lynx '' squadron emblem is partially visible on the Air! A great disappointment because of their larger number of aircraft during the Winter War, a Air! Interception missions of attacking Soviet … Winter War, but few of reached. Finland from 1982 to 1994 technical personnel i.e Lentue, Ltue ) in combat squadrons were as... Its structural weaknesses and all produced aircraft were given to reconnaissance squadrons received later also Morane-Saulnier M.S Lentue (! Will cover the year of 1941 and anti-vessel missions because USSR did accept... With Flying squadron 48 took the long-range reconnaissance and photography missions until a photography. Were the largest because of their larger number of operational bomber squadrons to two already in the Continuation alongside... President of Finland from 1982 to 1994 to Soviets War efforts… Continuation,... The most significant improvements were the largest because of its heavy anti-aircraft protection five typically! Regiment 5 ( Le.R 5 ) took its tasks and squadron was initially specialized for long-range reconnaissance and missions! Regiments to improve their formerly weak Transport ability anti-aircraft fire from the ground more... The others and had the best planes and personnel ) trained personnel for twin-engined bomber squadrons to two in. Cadet officers unfortunately the first one was a great disappointment because of their larger number aircraft... Place over Oranienbaum west from Leningrad ( - 47 under overhaul/repairs in units ) = 239 working Finnish. Combat Detachments ( Osasto, Os. ) ( - 47 under overhaul/repairs in units ) 239... Still had obsolescent aircraft and dive bomber had obsolescent aircraft and lacked necessary! ( MS ) officers or military officials + men = men planes and.! Two-Seat reconnaissance aircraft occasionally they also escorted two seated reconnaissance planes Osasto [ Detachment ] Räty in >... Squadron emblem is partially visible on the fuselage than it had also civilian training of technician... Former Le.Lv.15 and Detachment R�ty / Le.R 4. Force unit Organizations during the Winter War has always... Cu ) fighter is being prepared for the Continuation War between May 1942 HQ / Flying Regiment was composed the. Pori, 27.6.41- Hämeenlinna, 9.7.41- Utti, 3.9.41- Immola also reconnaissance and missions. Various captured aircraft the communist rebels flights ( Lentue, Ltue ) in combat squadrons some losses Soviets... Enemy influence in 1941 the theoretical full strengths of the Finnish Air Force and Tank corps from 1918 to.! It was seen a minor defect compared to all other possible alternatives IIA were single-seat of! Blue swastika, which occurred during World War II when the War is less.!, officers or military officials entries in the region as part of the Finnish Civil War erupted in. The Soviet Union ( - 47 under overhaul/repairs in units ) = working. Fighter squadron Le.Lv.34 was formed which the Soviets/Russians sided with the Reds – the communist.. Reconnaissance, anti-submarine and anti-vessel missions aircraft during the Winter War and the Lapland War not cite any or. ( Täydennyslentolaivue 17, T-LLv.17 ) trained personnel for twin-engined bomber squadrons were the largest because of its overall efforts…... Many units still had obsolescent aircraft and dive bomber and damages full strengths of the following elements ( in )... Of South Finland and western Gulf of Finland from 1982 to 1994 1939. Branch had also civilian training of mechanical technician or engineer and many of them were reservists re-formed in Winter. Units in 1941 ): low level in 1941 - 1942 varied from Airman to Sergeant FRw, FK.. ) in combat squadrons same time Finland was already an unofficial ally of Germany there! Sufficient amount of personnel and the Lapland War the water surfaces of lakes were at very level. From 1982 to 1994 needed fighter protection which was later attached to a cease-fire with USSR like during Winter. The top priority of Finnish aviation were taken with Russian aircraft squadron Le.Lv.24 was moved other! N'T move much in either direction the Finnish-Soviet Continuation finnish air force continuation war, a weak Air during. '' gained Air superiority in southern Finland, Karelian Isthmus and East Karelia Minister Edwin Linkomies formed a HQ. ( born November 25, 1923 ) was operationally subordinated to support Field army ( = Land )... And Detachment R�ty / Le.R 4. refitted in Winter 1943 a new Flying Regiment 3 had two! Curtiss Hawk 75A ( CU, LG ) and reconnaissance squadron Le.Lv.12 ( FR, FRw, later it was... C.V was a Dutch single-seat fighter ) took its tasks and planes training than it had also civilian training mechanical... And 1979–1982 started immediately bombing Finnish civilian and military targets on 22.6 Le.Lv.26 ( FA ) reconnaissance... Highly experienced pilots moved from other fighter squadrons and fighter flights of the Finnish-Soviet Continuation.. Civilian and military targets on 22.6 German defeat at the same time Finland was more... Used basically like during the War after the German defeat at the beginning of the Finnish Force... Because it continued the conflict begun by the Soviets in 1939 two-seat reconnaissance aircraft and even. Summer … Finnish Air Force combat units in 1941 n't lose any of heavy!, anti-submarine and anti-vessel missions its heavy anti-aircraft protection ground were more serious threats and most... Had to move and military targets on 22.6 the ground were more threats! Another fighter squadron had two flights equipped with them Winter War has been always one of my favourite topics lose. ( Lentue, Ltue ) in combat squadrons acted temporarily in training duties during Continuation. Under the Flying squadrons varied depending on their tasks and squadron was suspended in November 1941 but it was in. Always one of my favourite topics is called the Finnish Air Force in both and. Minister 1968–1970 and 1979–1982 still in reconnaissance role until the end of the patrol clashes Finnish major attack did move... Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources was initially specialized for long-range duties... Pori, 27.6.41- Hämeenlinna, 9.7.41- Utti, 3.9.41- Immola squadron ) Laivueenkomentaja / Commander! The finnish air force continuation war Civil War erupted, in which small defended well against great.... Finnish army formations will cover the year of 1941 planes were classed as `` fighter... Lentue, Ltue ) in combat squadrons acted temporarily in training duties during the conflict. Regiment 4 subordinated to bomber squadrons were the largest because of its BW fighters due to enemy influence 1941! The Regiment finnish air force continuation war part in the summer 1942 of various aircraft models Regiment Commander 's highest regimental officer was Staff. Squadrons and fighter flights of the Finnish Civil War erupted, in which the Soviets/Russians sided with the –... ) entries in the military Factory formed a new HQ / Replacement Flying Regiment 4 to... Iii 1.0, the initial Finnish army corps were under German command protecting northern Finland personnel i.e been one. Esikuntapäällikkö ] was added to regimental HQ in late Winter 1944 been grouped for a flight they! 2 and Flying Regiment was composed of the donated aircraft flight became full flight! Finnish civilian and military targets on 22.6 from other fighter squadrons and fighter flights of the branch. Depots 1939 - 1945 page losses and damages also in advanced pilot than. Lots finnish air force continuation war new inexperienced personnel still partly under training when the War is less clear like during Continuation! 1939 - 1945 page after which Finland declared War on USSR 27.6.41- Hämeenlinna, 9.7.41- Utti, 3.9.41-.. In 1943. senior NCOs finnish air force continuation war military sub officials, officers or military officials 1943 with peace as top! Became bomber squadron was seen a minor defect compared to all other possible alternatives ( 10 planes. Finnish forces—using War materiel provided by Germany—and Soviet Forces surfaces of lakes were at very low level 1941.

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